Posted on

Understanding the Significance of Bearings in Air Compressors

A high-pitched screeching noise in an air compressor may be a sign of a failing bearing. It can also cause the compressor to stop working. 

Bearings are designed to bear the load of a machine’s parts and mitigate friction between a rotating part and a static housing component. There are several different types of bearings, such as air foil type fluid bearings and magnetic bearings. 

Role of Bearings in Compressed Air Systems 

Bearings are crucial parts of air compressor systems that serve as the middle men between a machine’s rotating and thrusting components and its static housing component. They help prevent mechanical damage and mitigate friction between these parts by absorbing and diffusing this force. 

There are two types of bearings: Aerostatic and gas. Aerostatic bearings establish their own lubricating film within the gap by internal pressure (either from an orifice or through porous media). Gas bearings, on the other hand, require externally pressurized air to enter into the bearing gap through orifices and pores of the bearing. 

Despite their complexity, both types of bearings are relatively insensitive to dirt and loc gio may nen khi truc vit can be operated in dirty environments where conventional ball bearings would fail. However, the lubrication system must be properly maintained to keep these parts in top working condition. Insufficient lubrication can result in flaking, which is usually identified as an unattractive scab that eventually peels off the bearing surface. 

Types of Bearings for Air Compressors 

Bearings are a type of machine part that limits motion and reduces friction between moving parts. They are available in various designs to meet a variety of requirements, including those of air compressors. The best choice depends on the application and type of air compressor you have. 

For example, a rolling bearing replaces sliding friction with rolling friction, reducing energy loss and maintenance costs. It consists of two rings with a cage that holds a set of metal balls that roll along indents in the inner and outer rings. 

Another type of air compressor bearing is called a tilting pad journal or thrust bearing, which uses tilting pads that support the shaft both radially and axially. This design allows the pads to float, which minimizes contact between them and the shaft. A small clearance between the shaft and the pad is filled with pressurized lubricating oil, which restricts both the pad and shaft from touching each other during rotation. 

Functions of Bearings in Air Compressors 

Air compressors use bearings to reduce the force of friction between moving parts. They help to balance part movements, keep the overall machine temperature regulated and ensure that components are less likely to wear out due to vibration or other conditions. 

In twin screw compressorstwo meshing rotors rotate in opposite directions inside the compressor housing to compress gas from suction to discharge. During the compression process, the two rotors come into contact and generate considerable heat. Bearings mitigate this excessive heat by providing a cooling effect that absorbs and disperses the energy generated. 

Often, the presence of excessive heat is not immediately apparent in a compressor. This is why it is important to conduct regular inspections of the compressor. These inspections should include a careful check of bearings to ensure that they have proper crush and that they are not overloaded. Incorrect crush and overloading can lead to bearing failure. The bearings should also be inspected for corrosion and damage. 

Maintaining Bearings in Air Compressors 

Bearing-related problems can drastically cut into compressor reliability. For example, the vibration and noise that result from misalignment or faulty lubrication can cause localized overheating of major components. This can lead to dimensional changes and cracking that may compromise the air end’s integrity, resulting in major breakdowns or shutdowns. 

The rotors of screw compressors are housed in an air end, or casing that forms the compression chamber. The rotors and their associated seals and bearings will naturally wear down over time. When they do, the machine will draw more electrical power than normal to overcome increased internal resistance. 

Magnetic bearing systems can monitor shaft position, allowing early detection of vibration and misalignment. This reduces maintenance costs and unproductive downtime. Air compressor owners can also consider using bushings in Wisconsin instead of bearings for increased efficiency, durability, and cost savings. Bushings are less prone to corrosion, and they allow operators to bypass inspection periods, set change intervals, and air end replacement, saving significant amounts of money and time in the long run.